cloud burst

Cloud burst: Do you know what is the cloud burst meaning? A Cloud burst is an event that refers to the release of rainwater from clouds in less than an hour. The National Weather Service (NWS) defines a cloud burst as: 

“A short-lived event that results in the release of precipitation from clouds within a defined time period.” 

Cloud burst events can be localized or widespread and can significantly impact weather conditions.

What is Cloud Burst?

Cloud burst is a phenomenon caused by the accumulation of water droplets in the clouds, which eventually fall to the ground as rain or snow. 

The term is often use when referring to flash flooding, as it can rapidly dump large quantities of water over a small area. 

Although cloud bursting can happen anywhere, it is widespread in hilly or mountainous areas with abrupt elevation changes.

READ MORE: Delhi-NCR Rains: Heavy rain in Delhi-NCR relieves from rising temperatures

Cloud Burst in History: 

A natural disaster has struck many times throughout history and continues to do so today. This disaster is called a cloud burst. 

A cloud burst is a heavy rainfall event that can cause flash flooding. Cloud bursts are often the result of an intense thunderstorm. 

The rain falls so fast and hard that it cannot be absorbed by the ground, causing water to build up in low-lying areas such as valleys and canyons. 

When the water reaches a certain level, it begins to flow rapidly downstream, often carrying away anything in its path, including trees, cars, and homes.

Cloud bursts can be incredibly destructive and have caused many fatalities over the years. One of the most deadly cloud bursts occurred in China in 1931. A total of 178 people kill as a result of the floodwaters.

What Causes a Cloud Burst? 

Cloudbursts are intense types of rainstorms that can cause flash flooding. They generally cause by a combination of weather conditions, including warm air near the ground and cold air aloft, as well as moisture in the atmosphere.

When these conditions come together, they can create a thunderstorm or storm system that produces heavy rainfall. Cloudbursts can also cause by a cold front or other weather systems that move into an area with high humidity.

How Does a Cloud Burst Affect Us?

A cloud burst can be one of the most destructive and deadly natural disasters. They often occur in mountainous areas and can cause flash flooding, which can quickly sweep away people, animals, and cars.

The floodwaters can also damage bridges, homes, and other structures. In addition, mudflows created by a cloud burst can bury everything in their path. 

Debris from a cloud burst can also block roads and rivers, making it difficult or impossible for rescue crews to reach those who need help.

Landslides and flash flooding can occur when the rain falls on already saturated soil, making it unstable. 

The rain can also cause rivers to overflow their banks, leading to even more damage. In some cases, a cloud burst can be deadly.

What Can We Do to Prepare for a Cloud Burst? 

A cloud burst can cause severe and costly damage to your home or property. Here are a few things you can do to help prepare for a cloud burst and minimize the damage it may cause:

1. Ensure you have adequate insurance coverage for weather-related incidents, such as a cloud burst.

2. Keep your gutters and downspouts clean and clear of debris so rainwater can flow freely away from your home.

3. Trim any trees or branches that may hang over your roof or home, and ensure all covers for your windows and doors are in good condition and properly installed.

4. If you live in a flood zone, consider purchasing flood insurance.

5. Store essential documents (e.g., wills, deeds, and bank statements) in a secure location outside your home.

6. Keep medications and essential documents in a waterproof container.

7. Store valuable items (e.g., jewelry, electronics, and fine art) in a waterproof container or other safe places.

8. If you live in an area with severe flooding during the winter months, consider purchasing a high-water alarm that will alert you if your basement floods.

9. If you have a basement with limited access, use a small boat or kayak to move materials and supplies to higher ground.

10. During severe flooding, avoid driving through standing water or flooded roads unless necessary.

Top 3 Most Devastating Cloud Burst in India

Cloud Burst is a Natural Disaster that occurs when a rain Formation Dislodges and Releases Tropospheric Water and Ice. The Troposphere is the Layer of the Atmosphere Below the Stratosphere.

 A Cloud Burst can Cause Flooding, Heavy Rain, Hail, Tornadoes, and Strong Winds. There have been Many rain Burst in India in the Past Year. 

READ MORE: Asani Cyclone To Weaken, No Landfall In Odisha, Andhra

Here are the top 3 cloud bursts in India during past years:

1. Cloud burst in Dharamshala 

Dharamshala, a small town in Himachal Pradesh, experienced an intense cloudburst on July 18th, 2019. The rainfall was so heavy that the entire city flooded within minutes.

Streets turned into rivers, and houses submerge in water. Cars swept away, and people had to be evacuated from their homes. 

The cloudburst caused massive damage to property and left the town wholly paralyzed. There was no power or communication for hours after the incident occurred.

Rescue teams and army personnel were deployed to help the residents. Dharamshala is a popular tourist destination, and this unfortunate event has put a damper on the region’s summer season.

2. Cloud burst in Uttarakhand 

A rainburst in Uttarakhand has caused massive damage and loss of life. The rain burst incident occurred in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand on June 15th, 2013. 

A state of emergency has declare in the district. So far, more than 150 people have died due to the rain storm, and thousands have been left stranded. 

Rescue operations are ongoing, but with so much damage, it is difficult to get an accurate estimate of the number of people affected.

3. Cloudburst in the Godavari

On July 2nd, 2018, a cloudburst in the Godavari caused floods in the districts of East and West Godavari. This was the result of two days of incessant rains.

A state of emergency declare in Andhra Pradesh due to the floods. The death toll rose to 43 by July 7th, with 14 people still missing.

 Nearly 1.5 lakh people evacuate to relief camps set up by the government. The Indian Army call in for rescue operations. 

Train services hit due to rail tracks getting submerged. Road transport also hit as major highways got flooded. 

Crops worth crores were destroyed in the floods.


In conclusion, a rain burst can be a hazardous event. Therefore, it is essential to be aware of the dangers and take precautions to protect yourself and your family. 

A rain burst can cause flash flooding, which can quickly sweep away cars and people. Therefore, it is essential to keep an eye on the weather forecast and be prepared to take shelter if a storm is approaching.